Wegierski: Examining the “right-wing Green” critique of current-day America

Based on an English-language draft of a presentation for the 2013 Conference of the Polish Association for American Studies (PAAS) (Eating America: Crisis, Sustenance, Sustainability) (Wroclaw, Poland: University of Wroclaw, Department of English Studies), October 23-October 25, 2013. The paper was accepted for publication in The Polish Journal for American Studies, vol. 8 (2014), but additional work on the paper, necessary for publication there, was not completed because of unforeseen personal circumstances. Green or ecological/environmentalist ideas, which are sometimes instantiated by capital-G Green parties, are […]

Theoretical rights, multiculturalism, and marginality – the Polish-Canadian case

Partially based on a draft of an English-language presentation read at the 6th Congress of Polish Canadianists (Polish Association for Canadian Studies — PACS) (Poznan, Poland: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan), April 5-7, 2013. Beginning in the late-1960s, Canada has enacted an extensive policy of multiculturalism, which became especially entrenched since the introduction of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms in 1982. Governments in Canada (federal, provincial, and municipal) have been committed to supporting (at least to some extent) the cultural and organizational activities of […]

Wegierski: Political, constitutional, juridical, and socio-cultural aspects of the origins and development of the Canadian State

Partially based on an English-language text that appeared in Polish translation under the title “Kanada – eksperyment wielokulturowosci.” (Canada: an experiment in multiculturalism) trans. Olaf Swolkien. Miedzynarodowy Przeglad Polityczny (International Political Review) (Warsaw, Poland: Fundacja Srodkowoeuropejska – The Foundation for Central European) no 5 (no 10) (December 2004-January 2005), pp. 221-231. Formally speaking, Canada is a federal constitutional monarchy of the British Commonwealth with a parliamentary, not congressional, system. The head of the federal government and the primary decision maker is the prime minister, the […]

Wegierski: Poland after 1989 and Canada after the “Trudeau Revolution”: Comparing the Emergence of “National Democracy” and Late-Modern “Liberal Democracy”

(An abbreviated version of this paper was posted in English on Telos Scope, the blog of Telos Press, October 26, 2017.) (The paper was read in English at the Telos in Moscow Conference. After the End of Revolution: Constitutional Order amid the Crisis of Democracy (Moscow, Russia: Telos-Paul Piccone Institute and National Research University Higher School of Economics), September 1-2, 2017.) This presentation compares two societies, which – although both claim to be “Western” as well as vibrant liberal democracies, are in many aspects quite […]

Ten years since the Dziekański tragedy

Mark Wegierski reflects on the incident from October 14, 2007. Ten years ago, on October 14, 2007, Robert Dziekanski, a forty-year-old Polish immigrant to Canada, met a tragic death at Vancouver Airport. Having arrived at the airport, he waited in the airport’s enclosed baggage area. His mother was in another part of the airport, and was erroneously told that he hadn’t arrived, and she then left the airport. After waiting for over ten hours, Robert understandably became angry, and started to make a ruckus. The […]

On the Sesquicentennial (150th Anniversary) of Canadian Confederation: The decline of the Tory tradition in Canada since the 1980s (Part III)

To paraphrase from T. S. Eliot – where, today, is “the British” that we have lost in “the Canadian”? – and where is “the Canadian” that we have lost in “the multicultural”? Gad Horowitz also has the courage to make a frank admission about socialist (11) Canadian nationalism: “Socialism is internationalist…If the United States were socialist, at this moment, we would be continentalists at this moment. If the possibilities of building a socialist society were brighter in the United States than in Canada, or as […]

On the Sesquicentennial (150th Anniversary) of Canadian Confederation: The decline of the Tory tradition in Canada since the 1980s (Part II)

One should also mention John Gamble, who unfortunately became increasingly embittered at his treatment by the PC party in the 1980s, and eventually drifted into unqualified extremism. Brian Mulroney owed a huge political debt to Gamble for keeping the anti-Clark forces alive – thus contributing to Joe Clark’s weak showing in the leadership review and Mulroney’s subsequent win in the leadership convention of 1983. Despite the fact that Gamble was the PC party’s official candidate in the riding, the collusion of the PC and Liberal […]

On the Sesquicentennial (150th Anniversary) of Canadian Confederation: The decline of the Tory tradition in Canada since the 1980s (Part I)

The federal Progressive Conservative party of Brian Mulroney, although it won huge Parliamentary majorities in 1984 and 1988, was a very pale, thin shadow of what the Conservative Party had represented in Canada from Confederation in 1867, to 1896. Indeed, the Conservative Party had dominated Canada in the nineteenth century (1) almost as thoroughly as the Liberal Party would rule the country in the twentieth century. Brian Mulroney did not prove to be another John A. Macdonald. The federal PCs of the 1980s indeed in […]

Gryń: Nowy Jedwabny Szlak

W 2013 r. zaprezentowana została światu wizja zakładająca utworzenie szlaku handlowego łączącego Chiny z Europą. Inicjatywa ta, nazwana Nowym Jedwabnym Szlakiem, wzbudziła spore zainteresowanie i dała asumpt do coraz żywszych rozważań na temat aktualnego porządku światowego oraz roli Chin w kreacji nowego systemu zależności geopolitycznych. Projekt firmowany przez przewodniczącego Chińskiej Republiki Ludowej Xi Jinpinga, z grubsza rzecz ujmując, ma polegać na rozbudowie sieci infrastruktury łączącej Chiny, kraje Azji Środkowej, Bliskiego Wschodu, Afryki i Europy. W jej skład wchodziłyby połączenia lądowe (drogi, kolej), lotnicze oraz sieć […]

Węgierski: Porównanie tradycji konserwatywnych w Kanadzie i Ameryce. Róźne drogi rozwoju w dwóch różnych krajach – cz. I

Porównanie tradycji konserwatywnych w Ameryce i Kanadzie i ich ścieżek rozwoju może przynieść pewne zaskakujące rezultaty. Ameryka powstała, przynajmniej pozornie, jako rewolucyjne społeczeństwo, które odrzuciło kajdany Starego Świata. Początki Kanady leżą w dwóch odrębnych kulturach. Pierwszą z nich była francuska Kanada, która w znacznej mierze utrzymywała swój anciene regime, będąca już pod rządami brytyjskimi w czasie Rewolcuji Francuskiej. Początki francuskiej Kanady sięgają co najmniej założenia Quebecu w 1608 roku. W 1760 roku, francuska Kanada została podbita przez Brytyjczyków po zwycięstwie w bitwie na Równinach Abrahama […]